Upland Hunting with a Flushing Dog-Part IV:
Advancing the Dog's Trailing Ability
By Jim and Phyllis Dobbs
Adding Difficulty: Corners
Once the dog is using his nose to follow the track, you can increase
the difficulty by adding corners. First, check the wind direction and
lay the track so that the first leg has a crosswind. (See diagram) Take
normal length steps as you lay the track.
Then make a right angle turn so that the wind is at your back. As you
do so "double lay" the track. This means make your footsteps so they are
side by side and heel to toe. Lay the track in this fashion for about
five feet then begin taking normal length steps again.
Another method of double laying a track is to walk up the track about
five feet then walk back to the corner and then back down the track. Double
laying the track on the second leg makes the scenting conditions easier
to follow coming out of the turn than they were going into the turn. This
will make it easier for the dog to make the right decision on which way
to go and will give him confidence to follow his nose.
Aging the Track
As the dog's ability to concentrate on the track increases, gradually
lengthen the time between laying the track and working the dog. When the
dog can follow a track that has been aged for 30 minutes, begin adding
Cross tracks teach the dog to follow the bird scent and not follow the
human footsteps. First, lay a track in the usual manner with bird scent.
Let the track age for 15 minutes or more. Then, without any bird training
scent on your boots lay a track that crosses over the track you laid with
the bird scent. If the dog starts to follow the human footsteps of the
cross track instead of the bird scent track, stop him with a leash correction
and guide him back onto the bird scent track. With practice the dog will
learn to disregard human footsteps that have walked across the bird scented
Trailing a Drag
You can make an easy trail to follow by using a scented drag. Attach the
drag to a short rope tied to a long poll. Pull the training drag as you
walk. We like to toss a bird onto the end of the track as the reward.
Attach the scented drag to a long pole and hold
it to the side as you pull it to make a bird scented track.
Be sure you are walking on the downwind side of a crosswind trail. Being
on the downwind side will help to keep the dog on the bird scent. You
do not want the inexperienced dog to become confused with the extra track
you are making.
After the dog has demonstrated his skill at following a drag to find
a bird, we put a live pheasant in a harness and attach it to a short rope
on a long pole and lay the trail with the bird.
Finally we use wing clipped pheasants. By now you can take the dog off
leash and let him track free. Toss the bird in some light cover and let
it run for about five minutes. Then put the dog on its trail and let him
If you have followed our training steps your dog will average out much
better at being successful when trailing. He will have learned to concentrate
on the bird scent and work out corners when conditions become difficult.